Here’s how that doesn’t break the speed of light; it only breaks our outdated, intuitive notions of how reality ought to behave. And yet, when we look at the most distant of objects, their light has been traveling for no more than 13.8 billion years, but appears much farther away. A visual history of the expanding Universe includes the hot, dense state known as the Big Bang and the growth and formation of structure subsequently. The full suite of data, including the observations of the light elements and the cosmic microwave background, leaves only the Big Bang as a valid explanation for all we see. As the Universe expands, it also cools, enabling ions, neutral atoms, and eventually molecules, gas clouds, stars, and finally galaxies to form. However, the Big Bang was not an explosion, and cosmic expansion is very different from that idea.
In a very similar, but theoretical scenario, a spaceship moving faster than the lamberhurst vineyards speed of light would appear to move backwards to the casual stationary observer. An international team of scientists set up an experiment to simulate what a stationary observer would see when looking at a superluminal event. In their paper, published inScience Advances, they demonstrated that if a light source approaches the observer faster than the speed of light, then the images appear to move backwards in time. The mathematical formulas pose a limitation to the extent of our speed.
For example, the Hubble Space Telescope recently spotted 12.9 billion year-old light from a distant star known as Earendel. But, because the universe is expanding at every point, Earendel is moving away from Earth and has been since its formation, so the galaxy is now 28 billion light years away from Earth. To achieve this odd state of affairs, the scientists used a gas of cold caesium, and then excited the caesium atoms with a laser. So energised, the atoms do more than cause secondary ripples of light, they amplify the light too. It is this amplification that is the key to boosting the speed of the wave group, reportedly to 300 times the speed of light in a vacuum.
Both the mirror and the light from you are travelling at the speed of light, which should mean that the light can’t catch up to the mirror, hence you don’t see a reflection. So, according to de Rham, the only thing capable of traveling faster than the speed of light is, somewhat paradoxically, light itself, though only when not in the vacuum of space. Of note, regardless of the medium, light will never exceed its maximum speed of 186,282 miles per second.
Essentially, what the team are did was shine extremely quick laser pulses at different points on a screen. At each point, the laser light is scattered out, captured by a high-speed camera that can photograph events a few trillionths of a second apart. The fact that the speed of light is constant is one of the cornerstones of physics. Nothing carrying information can travel faster than the speed of light, but by playing with geometries physicists can create faster-than-light motion.
A committee therefore has defined the speed of light to be 288,792,458 m/s, with no uncertainty on its value; they could have defined it to be any other number they pleased, and only the meter would change in size. This standard was chosen because the speed of light is universally available to anyone who would like to measure it in a lab, and the atoms used to measure time are also easy to come by. One does not have to go to Paris, for example, and measure a rod to some accuracy to get a precise length standard for calibrating meter sticks. In this equation Δt is the time for some event (like one light-clock tick) in a stationary frame and Δt’ is the time dilated the moving frame . First, if you use a moving frame that’s super slow—like a supersonic jet, then v2/c2 is super tiny.
But according to relativity, their possible existence can’t be ruled out. However, new research by Erik Lentz at the University of Göttingen suggests a way beyond this limit. The catch is that his scheme requires vast amounts of energy and it may not be able to propel a spacecraft.